Traumatic Brain Injury
The Tragedy of Traumatic Brain Injury
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that about 1.7 million people in the U.S. receive traumatic brain injuries yearly. About three-quarters of TBIs are relatively mild like concussions, but the remaining one-quarter of TBIs are severe and may result in tragic disability or death.
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What Is TBI?
According to the CDC, a person sustains a TBI when he or she receives a “bump, blow or jolt to the head,” often called a closed head injury, or a “penetrating head injury” when an object pierces the skull. Both types can interfere with normal brain functioning. In a closed injury, the traumatic impact can injure the brain by forcing it to move around abruptly within the confines of the skull.
Head trauma that can cause TBI might happen during these activities or incidents:
Shaken baby syndrome
Explosions, especially in military settings
The presentation of symptoms varies with each injury and victim. Effects might be short or long term and can vary over a long period of time. At times the injured person may not know a particular symptom is even related to the TBI, especially if the symptom crops up months later, for example.
Immediately after the injury-causing event, a mild TBI may cause nausea or “mental status or consciousness” changes for a short time. Even when a brain injury is considered mild, it may require careful treatment and can take a long time to recover. Symptoms of a relatively mild TBI may include:
Loss of consciousness
Difficulty retaining information
Emotional reactions like sorrow, anxiousness or intense feelings
Vision or speech problems
Asymmetrical pupil size
Uncontrolled crying or refusal to nurse (children or infants)
A serious TBI may produce a coma, extensive memory loss or a period of unconsciousness. In addition to the same symptoms reported above for mild TBIs, symptoms of a severe TBI may include:
Hearing and touch impairments
Aggression and other behavioral issues
Inability to complete normal daily activities like working a job, driving or taking care of personal needs
What to Do
First and most importantly, if you or someone you are with suffers any kind of blow or jolt to the head seek medical attention immediately, even if you believe the injury to be mild. Once the necessary medical treatment has been administered, if you believe the injury may have been caused or contributed to by the negligence or malice of another person, talk to a personal injury attorney about possible legal rights and remedies. More Information here: